[1]涂兵,李静怡,王思成,等.基于曼彻斯特编码的钻井液脉冲信号提取算法[J].石油钻探技术,2014,42(05):85-89.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201405015]
 Tu Bing,Li Jingyi,Wang Sicheng,et al.Extraction and Algorithm for Pulse Signal in Drilling Fluids in Terms of Manchester Encoding[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2014,42(05):85-89.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201405015]
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基于曼彻斯特编码的钻井液脉冲信号提取算法(/HTML)
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《石油钻探技术》[ISSN:1001-0890/CN:11-1763/TE]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2014年05期
页码:
85-89
栏目:
钻井完井
出版日期:
2014-09-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Extraction and Algorithm for Pulse Signal in Drilling Fluids in Terms of Manchester Encoding
作者:
涂兵12 李静怡1 王思成1 刘航1 湛腾西12
1. 湖南理工学院信息与通信工程学院, 湖南岳阳 414006;
2. 复杂系统优化与控制湖南省普通高等学校重点实验室(湖南理工学院), 湖南岳阳 414006
Author(s):
Tu Bing12 Li Jingyi1 Wang Sicheng1 Liu Hang1 Zhan Tengxi12
1. School of Information and Communication Engineering, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology, Yueyang, Hunan, 414006, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Optimization and Control for Complex Systems, Hunan Institute of Science and Technology, Yueyang, Hunan, 414006, China
关键词:
钻井液脉冲信号形态滤波相似度
Keywords:
drilling fluidspulse signalmorphological filteringpattern similarity
分类号:
TM733;TM93
DOI:
10.11911/syztjs.201405015
摘要:
为了提取出无线随钻测量中的钻井液脉冲信号并正确识别,对钻井液脉冲信号有效提取算法进行了研究。采用形态滤波算法来提取钻井液脉冲信号,运用膨胀与腐蚀运算来设计信号形态滤波器;在此基础上,根据曼彻斯特编码井下信号同步的特点,提出了一种基于周期内信号等份分割来精确分辨钻井液脉冲信号开始时刻的算法;采用模式相似度的波形识别算法,用来识别钻井液脉冲信号。仿真分析表明,运用形态滤波算法能有效提取出微弱的钻井液脉冲信号,能够提取去信噪比为20 dB的钻井液脉冲信号;运用模式相似度波形识别算法能有效对曼彻斯特编码的钻井液脉冲信号进行识别,能够对0.034 5~0.069 0 MPa的微弱脉冲信号进行识别,识别出来的比特流数据分析表明,采用该识别算法的误码率低于1.5%。研究结果表明,形态滤波算法和模式相似度波形识别算法能精确地提取和识别出钻井液脉冲信号,提高解码正确率,满足工程应用的要求。
Abstract:
In order to extract the useful weak pulse signal in drilling fluids and recognize it while logging during the implementation of MWD,an effective extraction and algorithm for pulse signal was studied.The morphological filtering algorithm has been used to extract the pulse signal from drilling fluids,using the expansion and corrosion a lgorithm to design the signal morphology filter.According to the synchronous characteristics of the downhole signal with Manchester encoding,an algorithm based on a signal equal segmentation in cycle to recognize the time when starting showing pulse signal in drilling fluids accurately was presented.A waveform recognition algorithm with a pattern similarity was used to identify the pulse signal in drilling fluids.Simulation results showed that a morphological filtering algorithm can effectively extract the pulse signal from drilling fluids,the pulse signal that has signal-to-noise ratio of 20 dB can be extracted.The application of pattern-similarity waveform recognition algorithm can recognize effectively the pulse signal in drilling fluids based on Manchester encoding,the recognition range of weak pulse signal from 0.034 5 MPa to 0.069 0 MPa.According to the statistics and analysis of bit stream data,the identification algorithm can make the error rate less than 1.5%.The results showed that a morphological filtering algorithm and a pattern-similarity waveform recognition algorithm can accurately extract and recognize the pulse signal in drilling fluids,improve decoding accuracy,and meet the requirements of engineering applications.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-12-18;改回日期:2014-8-18。
基金项目:湖南省教育厅科研一般项目"MWD中泥浆脉冲信号提取与识别技术研究"(编号:14C0515) 和湖南理工学院科研资助项目"微弱泥浆脉冲信号的多尺度非线性分析及应用"(编号:2014Y30) 联合资助。
作者简介:涂兵(1983—),男,湖南岳阳人,2006年毕业于湖南理工学院电子信息工程专业, 2009年获桂林理工大学检测技术与自动化装置工学硕士学位, 2013年获北京工业大学机械工程专业博士学位,讲师,主要从事无线随钻测量系统、信号处理与识别的研究。
联系方式:(0730)8640870,tu-bing@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01