[1]盛磊祥,王荣耀,许亮斌,等.台风应急期间深水钻井隔水管悬挂撤离安全分析[J].石油钻探技术,2015,43(04):25-29.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201504005]
 Sheng Leixiang,Wang Rongyao,Xu Liangbin,et al.Safety Analysis of the Hang-off of Deepwater Drilling Risers during a Typhoon Emergency Period[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2015,43(04):25-29.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201504005]
点击复制

台风应急期间深水钻井隔水管悬挂撤离安全分析(/HTML)
分享到:

《石油钻探技术》[ISSN:1001-0890/CN:11-1763/TE]

卷:
43卷
期数:
2015年04期
页码:
25-29
栏目:
“973”深水钻井专题
出版日期:
2015-07-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Safety Analysis of the Hang-off of Deepwater Drilling Risers during a Typhoon Emergency Period
作者:
盛磊祥 王荣耀 许亮斌 蒋世全 周建良
中海油研究总院, 北京 100028
Author(s):
Sheng Leixiang Wang Rongyao Xu Liangbin Jiang Shiquan Zhou Jianliang
CNOOC Research Institute, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100028, China
关键词:
深水钻井隔水管台风悬挂撤离安全性能
Keywords:
deepwater drillingdrilling risertyphoonevacuation when hanging offsafety performance
分类号:
TE951
DOI:
10.11911/syztjs.201504005
摘要:
对于半潜式钻井平台,常规应对台风的程序是回收所有的钻井隔水管,航离台风路径,但是回收隔水管的作业时间较长,有时无法保证回收所有的隔水管,因此,悬挂隔水管可能无法避免。为保证钻井平台悬挂隔水管航行时隔水管的安全,以悬挂状态下的隔水管为研究对象,考虑隔水管动态张力、弯曲应力、隔水管转角及与月池的空间干涉等因素,利用有限元分析方法建立了悬挂模式下的隔水管轴向动力学模型。利用该模型,以南海某超深水井(水深2 460 m)为例,分析了不同悬挂模式、钻井船撤离航速、航向对隔水管安全性的影响。结果表明:硬悬挂模式下,航速为2 kn时,安全撤离航向为0°~45°;软悬挂模式下,航速为2 kn时,安全撤离航向为0°~90°;同样海况条件下,软悬挂模式允许的钻井船航速比硬悬挂大。这表明软悬挂撤离模式比硬悬挂撤离模式对波流载荷的适应能力要强,悬挂隔水管避台风撤离时,应优先选用软悬挂模式。
Abstract:
For semi-submersible platforms, proper response procedures for a typhoon include the recovery of all drilling risers and travel away from typhoon paths. But it takes a long time to recover risers resulting that sometimes there is no guarantee that the entire riser system can be recovered. Under such circumstances, suspensions of risers are inevitable. This study took the suspended risers as the research objects, considering dynamic tension, bending stress, flex joint angle of risers and the space interference with the moon pool. With the analysis method of finite element, the axial dynamic model of risers in suspension mode was established. with a super deep water well in the South China Sea (with water depth of 2460 m) being taken as an example, analysis models for soft and hard riser suspension models were set up,a deep water typhoon evacuation strategy was studied, the influence of different suspension models were reviewed, and drilling ship evacuation speed and sailing azimuths on riser safety were analyzed. Results showed that in the hard suspension model, when the sailing speed was 2 kn, safe evacuation azimuth was 0° to 45°, while for soft hang-off mode, at the same sailing speed 2 kn, the sailing azimuth was from 0° to 90°. Under the same ocean conditions, the sailing speed of the drilling ship allowed by soft hang-off model was higher than that by hard hang-off. Therefore, the adaptive capacity of the soft model to the wave load was greater than that of the hard model, so the soft model was recommended to use preferentially during evacuations from typhoons.

参考文献/References:

[1] Brekke,J N.Key Elements inultra-deep water drilling riser management[R].SPE/IADC 67812,2001.
[2] 畅元江.深水钻井隔水管设计方法及其应用研究[D].东营:中国石油大学(华东)机电工程学院,2008. Chang Yuanjiang.Design approach and its application for deepwater drlling risers[D].Dongying:China University of Petroleum Engineering(Huadong),College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering,2008.
[3] 畅元江,陈国明,许亮斌,等.超深水钻井隔水管设计影响因素[J].石油勘探与开发,2009,36(4):523-528. Chang Yuanjiang,Chen Guoming,Xu Liangbin,et al.Influential factors for the design of ultra-deepwater drilling risers[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2009,36(4):523-528.
[4] 孙友义,陈国明,畅元江.下放或回收作业状态下超深水钻井隔水管轴向动力分析[J].中国海上油气,2009,21(2):116-119. Sun Youyi,Chen Guoming,Chang Yuanjiang.Axial direction dynamic analysis on ultradeep-water drilling riser under setting down and recovery operations[J].China Offshore Oil and Gas,2009,21(2):116-119.
[5] 鞠少栋,畅元江,陈国明,等.超深水钻井作业隔水管顶张力确定方法[J].海洋工程,2011,29(1):100-104. Ju Shaodong,Chang Yuanjiang,Chen Guoming,et al.Determination methods for the top tension of ultradeepwater drilling risers[J].The Ocean Engineering,2011,29(1):100-104.
[6] 鞠少栋,畅元江,陈国明,等.深水钻井隔水管连接作业窗口分析[J].石油勘探与开发,2012,39(1):105-110. Ju Shaodong,Chang Yuanjiang,Chen Guoming,et al.Envelopes for connected operation of the deepwater drilling riser[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2012,39(1):105-110.
[7] 鞠少栋,畅元江,陈国明,等.深水钻井隔水管悬挂窗口确定方法[J].石油学报,2012,33(1):133-136. Ju Shaodong,Chang Yuanjiang,Chen Guoming,et al.Determination of the hang-off window for deepwater drilling riser[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2012,33(1):133-136.
[8] 张磊,畅元江,刘秀全,等.深水钻井隔水管与防喷器紧急脱离后的反冲响应分析[J].石油钻探技术,2013,41(3):25-30. Zhang Lei,Chang Yuanjiang,Liu Xiuquan,et al.Recoil analysis for deepwater drilling riser after emergency disconnection with blowout preventer[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2013,41(3):25-30.

相似文献/References:

[1]张 俊,夏宏南,孙清华,等.海洋深水钻井新概念———“ABS”装置[J].石油钻探技术,2008,36(05):70.
[2]徐荣强1,陈建兵1,刘正礼,等.喷射导管技术在深水钻井作业中的应用[J].石油钻探技术,2007,35(03):19.
[3]王松 宋明全 刘二平.国外深水钻井液技术进展[J].石油钻探技术,2009,37(03):8.
[4]徐鹏 孙宝江 董玉杰 高永海.用于处理深水浅层气的动力压井方法研究[J].石油钻探技术,2010,38(01):11.
[5]耿娇娇,鄢捷年,李怀科,等.具有恒流变特性的深水合成基钻井液[J].石油钻探技术,2010,38(02):91.
[6]叶志 樊洪海 张国斌 蒋世全 许亮斌.深水钻井地质灾害浅层水流问题研究[J].石油钻探技术,2010,38(06):48.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2010.06.011]
[7]管志川 柯珂 苏堪华.深水钻井井身结构设计方法[J].石油钻探技术,2011,39(02):16.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2011.02.003]
[8]屈建省 席方柱 谭文礼 熊钰丹.深水油气井浅层固井水泥浆性能研究[J].石油钻探技术,2011,39(02):22.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2011.02.004]
[9]邱正松 徐加放 赵欣 盛杰 江琳 黄维安.深水钻井液关键技术研究[J].石油钻探技术,2011,39(02):27.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2011.02.005]
[10]路继臣 任美鹏 李相方 孙宝江 张兴全 徐大融.深水钻井气体沿井筒上升的膨胀规律[J].石油钻探技术,2011,39(02):35.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2011.02.006]
[11]张炜,高德利.深水钻井隔水管脱开模式下纵向动态行为研究[J].石油钻探技术,2010,38(04):7.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2010.04.002]
[12]孙宝江 曹式敬 李昊 尚占魁.深水钻井技术装备现状及发展趋势[J].石油钻探技术,2011,39(02):8.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2011.02.002]
[13]刘秀全 陈国明 彭朋 畅元江.深水钻井隔水管单根寿命管理方法[J].石油钻探技术,2011,39(02):40.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2011.02.007]
[14]夏环宇,翟应虎,安岩,等.深水钻井隔水管增压排量对井筒温度分布的影响[J].石油钻探技术,2012,40(01):32.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2012.01.007]
 Xia Huanyu,Zhai Yinghu,An Yan,et al.The Effect of Boost Flow in Riser on the Wellbore Temperature in Deep Water Drilling[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2012,40(04):32.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2012.01.007]
[15]张磊,畅元江,刘秀全,等.深水钻井隔水管与防喷器紧急脱离后的反冲响应分析[J].石油钻探技术,2013,41(03):25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2013.03.005]
 Zhang Lei,Chang Yuanjiang,Liu Xiuquan,et al.Recoil Analysis for Deepwater Drilling Riser after Emergency Disconnection with Blowout Preventer[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2013,41(04):25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2013.03.005]
[16]隋秀香,梁羽丰,李轶明,等.基于多普勒测量技术的深水隔水管气侵早期监测研究[J].石油钻探技术,2014,42(05):90.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201405016]
 Sui Xiuxiang,Liang Yufeng,Li Yiming,et al.Early Monitoring of the Gas-Cut in Deepwater Riser Based on Doppler Measuring System[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2014,42(04):90.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201405016]
[17]刘秀全,陈国明,宋强,等.基于有限元法的深水钻井隔水管压溃评估[J].石油钻探技术,2015,43(04):43.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201504008]
 Liu Xiuquan,Chen Guoming,Song Qiang,et al.Collapse Assessment for Deepwater Drilling Risers on the Basis of Finite Element Method[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2015,43(04):43.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201504008]
[18]刘秀全,李家仪,任克忍,等.基于反冲响应的深水钻井隔水管张紧力计算方法[J].石油钻探技术,2016,44(04):47.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201604009]
 LIU Xiuquan,LI Jiayi,REN Keren,et al.A Calculation Method for the Top Tension of Deepwater Drilling Risers Based on Recoil Response[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2016,44(04):47.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201604009]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-04-21;改回日期:2015-06-16。
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划("973"计划)课题"深水海底井口-隔水管-平台动力学耦合机理与安全控制"(编号:2015CB251203)和国家自然科学基金"海洋深水浅层钻井关键技术基础理论研究"(编号:51434009)联合资助。
作者简介:盛磊祥(1981—),男,山东招远人,2005年毕业于石油大学(华东)机械设计制造及其自动化专业,2008年获中国石油大学(华东)机械设计及理论专业硕士学位,工程师,主要从事深水钻完井设计、深水钻井隔水管及井口安全分析等方面的研究。
联系方式:(010)84523736,shenglx@cnooc.com.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01