[1]朱宽亮,周岩,胡中志.PDC-牙轮复合钻头在南堡油田大斜度井的应用[J].石油钻探技术,2017,45(06):60-64.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201706011]
 ZHU Kuanliang,ZHOU Yan,HU Zhongzhi.Application of a PDC-Roller Hybrid Bit in Highly-Deviated Wells of the Nanpu Oilfield[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2017,45(06):60-64.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.201706011]
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PDC-牙轮复合钻头在南堡油田大斜度井的应用(/HTML)
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《石油钻探技术》[ISSN:1001-0890/CN:11-1763/TE]

卷:
45卷
期数:
2017年06期
页码:
60-64
栏目:
钻井完井
出版日期:
2017-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of a PDC-Roller Hybrid Bit in Highly-Deviated Wells of the Nanpu Oilfield
作者:
朱宽亮 周岩 胡中志
中国石油冀东油田分公司钻采工艺研究院, 河北唐山 063004
Author(s):
ZHU Kuanliang ZHOU Yan HU Zhongzhi
Drilling and Production Research Institute, PetroChina Jidong Oilfield Company, Tangshan, Hebei, 063004, China
关键词:
大角度斜井复合钻头钻头设计定向钻井机械钻速现场试验南堡油田
Keywords:
highly deviated wellhybrid bitbit designdirectional drillingrate of penetration (ROP)field testNanpu Oilfield
分类号:
TE921+.1
DOI:
10.11911/syztjs.201706011
摘要:
南堡油田大斜度井采用PDC钻头或牙轮钻头进行定向钻进时,存在摩阻大、托压严重、扭矩波动大和工具面不易摆放等问题,为解决该问题,应用了将PDC钻头和牙轮钻头优点结合在一起的PDC-牙轮复合钻头,并根据该油田地层的特性,对其进行个性化设计,设计了"2 PDC固定刀翼+2牙轮"和"4 PDC固定刀翼+2牙轮"2种切削结构的PDC-牙轮复合钻头。"2牙轮+2 PDC固定刀翼"复合钻头和"4 PDC固定刀翼+2牙轮"复合钻头分别在NP2-33井和NP5-28井进行了现场试验,在定向钻进过程中均未出现托压现象,工具面稳定,扭矩波动幅度小,造斜性能与牙轮钻头相当,机械钻速与进尺均大幅提高,且返出岩屑粒度大,岩屑分选性好,有利于判别地层岩性和录井。现场试验表明,应用PDC-牙轮复合钻头能解决南堡油田大斜度井定向钻进时托压严重、扭矩波动大和工具面不易摆放等问题,为提高大斜度井定向井段的钻速提供了一种新技术。
Abstract:
Directional drilling operations involving PDC bits or roller bits for highly deviated wells in the Nanpu Oilfield are characterized by significant friction resistance,high back pressures,dramatic fluctuations in torques and difficulties related to placement of tool faces.To solve these problems,PDC-roller hybrid bits with a combination of outstanding features of PDC bits and roller bits were deployed in the Nanpu Oilfield.With consideration to specific geologic conditions,two kinds of PDC-roller hybrid bits,with "2 rollers+2 fixed PDC cutters" and with "4 fixed PDC cutters+2 rollers",were developed.The performances of these two kinds of hybrid bits in the Well NP2-33 and the Well NP5-28 could be summarized as follows:during directional drilling by using the innovative PDC-roller hybrid bit with 2 kinds of cutting structures,no back pressure was observed.At the same time,tool faces remained steady and fluctuations of torques were minor.With build-up capacities equivalent to those of roller bits,the newly-developed hybrid bits enhanced ROPs and footage significantly.Returned cuttings with higher granularity and better sorting might effectively enhance accuracies in determination of lithologic and logging features.Field application performances showed the innovative PDC-roller hybrid bits could effectively remove problems related to back pressures,significant fluctuations in torques,difficulties in placement of tool face and other problems in drilling of highly deviated wells in the Nanpu Oilfield.The bit could effectively enhance ROPs of highly deviated wells.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-05-12;改回日期:2017-11-02。
基金项目:国家科技重大专项"渤海湾盆地黄骅坳陷滩海开发技术示范工程"(编号:2011ZX05050)资助。
作者简介:朱宽亮(1967-),男,湖北浠水人,1989年毕业于大庆石油学院钻井工程专业,2011年获西南石油大学油气井工程专业博士学位,高级工程师,主要从事钻井工艺技术研究与管理工作。
E-mail:zkl@petrochina.com.cn。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01