[1]何世明,刘森,赵转玲,等.裂缝性地层溢流侵入动态规律研究[J].石油钻探技术,2018,46(06):26-32.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.2018137]
 HE Shiming,LIU Sen,ZHAO Zhuanling,et al.The Dynamic Laws of Overflow Intrusion in Fractured Formations[J].Petroleum Drilling Techniques,2018,46(06):26-32.[doi:10.11911/syztjs.2018137]
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《石油钻探技术》[ISSN:1001-0890/CN:11-1763/TE]

卷:
46卷
期数:
2018年06期
页码:
26-32
栏目:
钻井完井
出版日期:
2018-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Dynamic Laws of Overflow Intrusion in Fractured Formations
作者:
何世明1 刘森1 赵转玲2 汤明1 李恒1 邓富元1
1. 油气藏地质及开发工程国家重点实验室(西南石油大学), 四川成都 610500;
2. 中石化中原石油工程有限公司钻井工程技术研究院, 河南濮阳 457001
Author(s):
HE Shiming1 LIU Sen1 ZHAO Zhuanling2 TANG Ming1 LI Heng1 DENG Fuyuan1
1. State Key Laboratory of Oil & Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610500, China;
2. Drilling Engineering Technology Research Institute, Sinopec Zhongyuan Oifield Service Corporation, Puyang, Henan, 475001, China
关键词:
裂缝性地层钻井溢流裂缝开度侵入规律
Keywords:
fractured formationdrillingoverflowfracture openingintrusion law
分类号:
TE28+3
DOI:
10.11911/syztjs.2018137
摘要:
在裂缝性地层钻井过程中,钻遇高压裂缝会出现比较严重的溢流,现有溢流机理模型多根据渗透性地层渗流理论建立,不适用于裂缝性地层,需要对自然条件下气体从裂缝流动至井筒的过程进行研究。分别基于赫兹弹性接触理论和二项式渗流理论,建立了裂缝微观闭合模型和裂缝气体流动模型,并以裂缝压力为结合点对两个模型进行了耦合,联立形成了考虑裂缝闭合条件的单条裂缝欠平衡溢流侵入模型。采用有限差分法对模型进行了数值求解,得到了考虑/不考虑闭合情况下裂缝几何形态(开度、半径)及压差对溢流规律的影响。模拟结果显示,相较于未考虑裂缝闭合情况的模型,由考虑裂缝闭合情况的模型得到的裂缝压降明显减缓,溢流持续时间变长,溢流速率变快,溢流总量更多。研究结果表明,相比于传统渗透性地层,裂缝性地层的溢流更加剧烈。
Abstract:
When a high pressure zone is encountered while drilling a fractured formation,a serious well kick will occur as overpressured formation fluids flow into the borehole.Most of the existing overflow mechanism models are based on the seepage theory of permeable formations,but they are snot applicable to fractured formations.Therefore,it is necessary to study the process of gas flowing into wellbore from the fractures under normal conditions.Based on the Hertz elastic contact theory and the binomial seepage theory,both the fracture microscopic closure model and the fracture gas flow model were established.The two models were coupled by taking the fracture pressure as the node.Then a single fracture underbalanced overflow intrusion model was established simultaneously by considering the fracture closure conditions.The finite difference method was used to find the numerical solution of the model.Then influences of fracture geometry(opening,radius)and pressure difference on the overflow laws were obtained under the conditions with/without considering the closure conditions.The simulation results showed that the fracture pressure drop clearly slowed down compared with the model without considering fracture closure,and in this case,the overflow duration lasted longer.So,the overflow rate increased,and the total volume of overflow was greater.The research results indicated that the overflow in fractured formations was more severe than that in conventional permeable formations.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-03-20;改回日期:2018-09-30。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"高温高压高含酸性气体的海相裂缝性地层溢流机理研究"(编号:51774247)、"基于多场耦合理论的页岩气水平井井壁失稳机理研究"(编号:51574202)、"基于流-固-化耦合理论的欠平衡钻水平井井壁失稳机理研究"(编号:51474186)和四川省科技项目"高温高压裂缝性地层重力置换溢流机理与工业化应用研究(编号:2018JY0460)"联合资助。
作者简介:何世明(1966-),男,重庆长寿人,1988年毕业于西南石油学院钻井工程专业,1998年获西南石油学院油气井工程专业博士学位,教授,博士生导师,主要从事钻井工艺方面的研究工作。
E-mail:hesming@sina.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01